3. What are the symptoms?
It is not always easy to know if someone has a concussion.
Symptoms of concussion can last for hours, days, weeks, or even months, and they fit into four main categories:
Concussions in the elderly can also be dangerous and these too are often missed. If you are caring for an older adult who has had a fall, check him or her for symptoms of a concussion. Signs of a serious problem include a headache that gets worse and/or increasing confusion. See a doctor right away if you notice these signs. If you are caring for an older adult who takes blood thinners—warfarin (Coumadin) is an example—and who has had a fall, take him or her to a doctor right away, even if you don't see any symptoms of a concussion. If you can’t get in to see your doctor immediately, come and see us at STLSportsClinic.com, open 7 days a week.
Sometimes after a concussion you may feel as if you are not functioning as well as you did before the injury. This is called postconcussive syndrome. New symptoms may develop, or you may continue to be bothered by symptoms from the injury, such as:
5. How is a concussion treated?
Any person who may have had a concussion needs to see a doctor. Some people have to stay in the hospital to be monitored overnight. People who go home still need to be watched closely for warning signs or changes in behavior. Call your doctor or come and see us, or go to the ER if you are watching a person after a concussion and the person has:
Rest is the best way to recover from a concussion. You need to rest your body and your brain. Here are some tips to help you get better:
6. How can you prevent a concussion?
Reduce your chances of getting a concussion: